, Terra cotta
: "baked earth",
from the Latin terra cotta
), a type of earthenware
, is a clay
-based unglazed or glazed ceramic
where the fired body is porous.
Its uses include vessels (notably flower pots
), water and waste water pipes, bricks, and surface embellishment in building construction
, along with sculpture such as the Terracotta Army
and Greek terracotta figurines
. The term is also used to refer to items made out of this material and to its natural, brownish orange color, which varies considerably. In archaeology
and art history
, "terracotta" is often used of objects not made on a potter's wheel
, such as figurines, where objects made on the wheel from the same material, possibly even by the same person, are called pottery
; the choice of term depending on the type of object rather than the material .